Breakfast isone of the 4 daily meals and accounts for 25% of the day's nutritional intake. But then, when should we introduce it to our babies? What is the recommended composition and how can this breakfast evolve over time? So many questions that will be addressed in this article of course!
When to introduce it?
So, when? Well, to tell the truth, as soon as baby is born, it already consumes breakfast through breast or infant milk . Breakfast is just going to change over time! It will be important to conserve this milk from birth until the child is 3 years old, and even beyond. If your child consumes infant milk, it should be: 1st age (from 0 to 4/6 months), 2nd age (or follow-on milk, from 4/6 months to 10/12 months), growth (from 10/12 months to 3 years). The recommended quantities of milk for the morning are 150 to 180ml at 4/5 months, 180 to 210ml at 6/7 months, 210 to 240ml at 8/9 months and 250ml from 10months onwards.
It is only around 10/12 months that breakfast can be supplemented with a cereal product, it does not have a great nutritional interest before then. From 10/12 months onwards, it will bring satiety in the long term, all the more so as your child moves more and more, or even walks for some. You can therefore introduce: bread, pancakes, pancakes, boudoirs, cracottes such as Pain des fleurs®... Be careful, however, with children's biscuits and breakfast cereals. A piece of advice: take a good look at the packaging, sugar is unfortunately too often present and in large quantities in these commercial products (even those for babies). It is therefore preferable to go for the simplest or make your own. It is however possible to introduce infant cereals (from 4 months) directly into baby's bottle, this allows you to add an extra contribution to the ration. However, be careful not to reduce the milk intake, which remains essential.
Fat will be introduced at the same time as the cereal product for its essential fatty acid content. Among them, we count: butter ,oil and oilseed purees : peanut butter, almond, walnut or hazelnut purees... Also, prefer homemade purees. It's very simple to make: you just have to mix the oleaginous fruits until you obtain the desired texture. These purees can be put on the cereal product or put into home-made biscuits.
Theintroduction of a few pieces of cut fresh fruit is done more or less at the same time for their vitamin content and theintroduction of differenttastes and textures. Raw or cooked, fruit can be introduced as compotes, raw fruit purées (with ripe fruit) or presented in a smoothie. As soon as the pieces are tolerated by baby, favour ripe banana, pear, clementine, peach, apricot... Introduce the apple grated or cooked, cut into quarters and then raw. when baby is much older. It is recommended to limit fruit juices, even when squeezed, in relation to the presence of fast sugars and their absence of fibre.
As for sweet products, they should be consumed in moderation, as long as possible, as they do not provide any essential nutrients. As for honey, it will be forbidden before 12 months.
In short, milk is sufficient for breakfast until 10/12 months unless baby wants to supplement his breakfast, of course. Thereafter, cereal products, fats and fruit can be added.
It will also be important to have this meal as a family to set a good example. Starting on the weekend, if it is not possible during the week. Take the time to eat and limit the entertainment (screens, fuss...) in order to integrate this meal as easily as possible.
Here are some recipe ideas: banana pancakes, coconut pancakes, blueberry muffins, mango porridge, semolina or rice pudding with cinnamon or orange blossom, homemade French toast, red fruit smoothie...
...as well as examples of balanced and fun breakfasts:
- 4-10 months: Milk bottle (breast or infant) +/- infant cereal (as recommended by your child's paediatrician, doctor or paediatric dietitian-nutritionist)
- 10 months:2nd age or growth milk to be drunk from a bottle or straw (3 in 1 bowl for example) + bread onion with unsweetened almond puree +/- ripe raw pear puree
- 12 months: Vanilla baby milk porridge + ½ banana
- 15 months: Yoghurt pancakes + infant milk + 1 yellow kiwi fruit
- 18 months: Pain des fleurs® + unsweetened peanut butter + some blueberries
I hope you found this article useful! Remember, put life, color andlove in what you give to baby and they will be fulfilled!
Dietician - Nutritionist specialized in pediatrics